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First Aid: A Helpful Reference for Anyone


These pages hold instructions on how to do some common first aid procedures as well as others that may include long-term care.

NOTE - This page is meant to be a reference during role-play. It is not meant to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure any real medical condition. Any risk or liability is your own.

Bandages and Dressings | Burns and Scalds | Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation | Controlling Bleeding | Delivering a Baby | Miscellaneous Procedures | Shock | Sprains, Strains, and Fractures | Treating Wounds

Credits



Bandages and Dressings

First Aid Bandages and Dressings | Square Knot | Slings | Principles of Bandaging

First Aid Bandages and Dressings

Bandage Compress | Gauze | Roller Bandage | Adhesive Compress | Triangular Bandage | Cravat Bandages

First aid materials for bandages and dressings include: Bandage Compress
A bandage compress is a special dressing intended to cover open wounds. It consists of a pad made of several thicknessess of gauze attached to the middle of a strip of gauze. Pad sizes range from one to four inches. Bandage compresses usually come folded so that the gauze pad can be applied directly to the open wound with virtually no exposure to the air or fingers. The strip of gauze at either side of the gauze pad is folded back so that it can be opened and the bandage compress tied in place with no disturbance of the sterile pad. The gauze of a bandage compress may be extended to twice its normal size by opening up folded gauze. Unless otherwise specified, all bandage compresses and all gauze dressings should be covered with an open triangular cravat or roller bandage.

Gauze
Gauze is used in several ways to apply first aid dressings. Plain gauze may be used in place of a bandage compress to cover large wounds and wounds of the trunk. Plain gauze of various sizes is available. In cases of profuse bleeding or where bulk is required to stabilize embedded objects, use several layers of gauze. Care should be taken not to touch the portion of the gauze that is to be placed in contact with the wound.

Roller Bandage
The gause roller bandage is a self-adhering form-fitting bandage. It can be made secure with several snug overlapping wraps then tied in place.

Adhesive Compress
An adhesive compress is a self-adhering bandage that has gauze to cover the wound and a sticky backing which holds to the victim's skin.

Triangular Bandage
A standard triangular bandage is made from a piece of of cloth approximately forty inches square by folding the square diagonally and cutting along the fold. It is easily applied and can be handled so that the part to be applied over wound or burn dressings will not be soiled.
A triangular bandage does not tend to slip off once it is correctly applied. It is usually made from unbleached cotton cloth, although any kind of cloth will do. In emergencies, a triangular bandage can be improvised from a clean handkerchief, a clean piece of shirt, etc.
The triangular bandage is also used to make improvised tourniquets, to support fractures and dislocations, to apply splints, and to form slings. If a regular-size bandage is found to be too short when a dressing is applied, it can be lengthened by tying another bandage to one end.

Cravat Bandages
A triangular bandage may be used open or folded. When folded, it is known as a cravat. A cravat bandage is prepared as follows: This method has the advantage that all bandages can be folded to a uniform width, or the width may be varied to suit the purpose for which it is to be used. To complete a dressing, the ends of the bandage are tied securely.

Square Knot

Unless otherwise specified, all knots or ties mentioned in this reference should be tied in a square knot.
To tie a square knot, take an end of the bandage in each hand, pass the end in the right hand over and around the end in the left and tie a single knot. Then pass the end now in the left hand over the end in the right hand, and complete the knot. Each loose end, after the second knot is tied, will be doubled back and lying against itself with the other end wrapped around it. The rule to remember in tying a square knot is right over left, then left over right.

Slings

Triangular Bandage Sling | Cravat Bandage Sling | Basket Sling

Slings are used to support injuries of the shoulder, upper extremities or ribs. In an emergency they may be improvized from belts, neckties, scarves, or similar articles. Bandages should be used if available.

Triangular Bandage Sling
Tie a triangular bandage sling as follows: The hand should be supported with the fingertips exposed, whenever possible, to permit detection of interference with circulation.

Cravat Bandage Sling
Tie a cravat bandage sling as follows:
Basket Sling
A useful sling for transporting or handling a victim with a suspected neck injury or an unconscious victim whose arms may create difficulties, can be made with an open triangular bandage as follows:

Principles of Bandaging

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For more detail relating to the healing of humans, here is a neat site that might help you. The golden fire lizard will show you the way!



Sources for these pages were:

Radcliffe, J. The New International Webster's Pocket Medical & First Aid Dictionary of the English Language. USA: Trident Press International, 1997.

Yahoo! Yahoo! Health Encyclopedia. June 2004.

All references to worlds and characters based on Anne McCaffrey's fiction are copyright
Anne McCaffrey 1967, 2001, all rights reserved, and used by permission of the author.

Special thanks to Nerissa and Avonelle, who helped in the compilation of this resource.