Nosebleeds are caused by traumas that break the fragile blood vessels of the nose. This could be from cold air, dry air, foreign object obstructing the nose, nose picking, colds, sinus trouble, high blood pressure, or could occur from a strike to the nose in a fight. Sometimes, nosebleeding is an indication of a tumor in the sinuses or the nose.
First aid for nosebleeds is simple:
Anyone suffering a nosebleed after injury should be examined for possible facial fractures. If a fractured skull is suspected as the cause of a nosebleed, do not attempt to stop the bleeding. To do so might increase the pressure on the brain. Treat the victim for a fractured skull.
- Keep the victim quietly seated, leaning forward if possible. Do not have the patient lean their head back. This will cause the blood to go down the back of their throat, potentially interrupting their ability to breathe.
- Gently pinch the nostrils closed. Keep this up for five to ten minutes, holding firmly.
- Apply cold compresses to the victim's nose and face.
- If the person is conscious, it may be helpful to apply pressure beneath the nostril above the lip.
- Instruct the victim not to blow his or her nose for several hours after bleeding has stopped or clots could be dislodged and start the bleeding again.
- If the bleeding has not stopped after forty minutes, seek a Masterhealer.
- In the case of severe nosebleeds, pack the nostril with gauze. This will apply pressure to the vessel that has ruptured.
- Cauterization may be necessary if the bleeding will not stop.
For more detail relating to the healing of humans, here is a neat site that might help you. The golden fire lizard will show you the way!
Sources for these pages were:
|Radcliffe, J. The New International Webster's Pocket Medical & First Aid Dictionary of the English Language. USA: Trident Press International, 1997.|
Yahoo! Yahoo! Health Encyclopedia. June 2004.
All references to worlds and characters based on Anne McCaffrey's fiction are copyright ©
Anne McCaffrey 1967, 2001, all rights reserved, and used by permission of the author.
Special thanks to Nerissa and Avonelle, who helped in the compilation of this resource.