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First Aid: A Helpful Reference for Anyone


These pages hold instructions on how to do some common first aid procedures as well as others that may include long-term care.

NOTE - This page is meant to be a reference during role-play. It is not meant to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure any real medical condition. Any risk or liability is your own.

Bandages and Dressings | Burns and Scalds | Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation | Controlling Bleeding | Delivering a Baby | Miscellaneous Procedures | Shock | Sprains, Strains, and Fractures | Treating Wounds

Credits



Shock

Symptoms of Shock | First Aid Treatment for Shock | Anaphylactic Shock | Fainting


Medically, shock is a term used to describe the effects of inadequate circulation of the blood throughout the body. Shock may result from a variety of causes and can cause irreversable harm.
The collapse of the cardiovascular system may be caused by any of three conditions: No matter what the reason for the collapse, the results are the same: an insufficient blood flow to provide adequate nourishment and oxygen to all parts of the body. The body process may slow down, reducing circulation and, without nourishment, organs begin to die, especially the brain.

Symptoms of Shock

The signs and symptoms of shock are both physical and emotional. Shock may be determined by any or all of the following conditions: Some of the reactions known to take place within the body in cases of shock bear directly on the symptoms presented. The most important reaction that occurs in shock is a decided drop in normal blood flow.
The brain suffers from this decreased blood supply and does not function normally; the victim's powers of reasoning, thinking, and expression are dulled. The victim may exhibit the following:

First Aid Treatment for Shock

While life-threatening, shock is a serious condition which is reversible if recognized quickly and treated effectively. Always maintain an open airway and ensure adequate breathing; control any bleeding.
First aid for the victim of physical shock is as follows:

Anaphylactic Shock

Various technical terms describe different types of shock. At least one of these, anaphylactic shock, is given special emphasis because it is a life-threatening emergency which requires rapid treatment.
Anaphylactic shock is a sensitivity reaction. It occurs when a person contacts something to which he or she is extremely allergic.
A person can contact substances that can cause anaphylactic shock by eating fish or shellfish, berries, or oral drugs. Insect stings or injected drugs can cause a violent reaction, as well as inhaled substances such as dust or pollen.
Sensitivity can occur within a few seconds after contact with the substance. Death can result within minutes of contact; therefore, it is important that the first aider recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock. They are as follows: Anaphylactic shock is an emergency that requires medication to counteract the allergic reaction. If the victim carries any medication to counteract the allergy, help the victim take the medicine.
Arrange for transport to a medical facility as quickly as possible because anaphylactic shock can be fatal in less than fifteen minutes. Notify the healers as to what caused the reaction, if known. Maintain an open airway. If necessary, provide artificial ventilation and CPR and treat for physical shock.

Fainting

Fainting is a temporary loss of consciousness due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain and is a mild form of shock. Fainting may be caused by the sight of blood, exhaustion, weakness, heat, or strong emotions such as fright, joy, etc.
The signs and symptoms of fainting may be any or all of the following: The first aid for fainting is as follows:
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For more detail relating to the healing of humans, here is a neat site that might help you. The golden fire lizard will show you the way!



Sources for these pages were:

Radcliffe, J. The New International Webster's Pocket Medical & First Aid Dictionary of the English Language. USA: Trident Press International, 1997.

Yahoo! Yahoo! Health Encyclopedia. June 2004.

All references to worlds and characters based on Anne McCaffrey's fiction are copyright
Anne McCaffrey 1967, 2001, all rights reserved, and used by permission of the author.

Special thanks to Nerissa and Avonelle, who helped in the compilation of this resource.